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iDEA: Drexel E-repository and Archives > Drexel Academic Community > College of Engineering > Department of Civil, Architectural,and Environmental Engineering > Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on HydroScience and Engineering (ICHE 2006) [ISBN: 0977447405] > Numerical simulation of sediment related processes in water quality model

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1466

Title: Numerical simulation of sediment related processes in water quality model
Authors: Chao, Xiaobo
Jia, Yafei
Shields, F. Douglas, Jr.
Keywords: Algal blooms;Nutrient concentrations;Pollutant fate and transport;Water quality
Issue Date: 13-Sep-2006
Publisher: Michael Piasecki and College of Engineering, Drexel University
Citation: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Hydroscience and Engineering, Philadelphia, PA, September 2006. http://hdl.handle.net/1860/732
Abstract: Sediment is a major nonpoint-source pollutant, and the exchange of materials between water and sediment is an important component of the lake eutrophication process. Suspended sediment increases water surface reflectivity and light attenuation in the water column. Nutrients can be absorbed to sediment particles and desorb from sediment to the water. In addition, nutrients can also be released from bed sediment. In this study, a water quality model, CCHE3D_WQ, was applied to simulate the concentrations of phytoplankton and nutrients in a shallow, natural lake with special emphasis on sediment-related processes. A formula was generated from field measurements to calculate the light attenuation coefficient using the concentration of chlorophyll and suspended sediment. The concentrations of adsorbed and dissolved nutrients due to adsorption-desorption were calculated using two formulas derived based on the Langmuir Equation. The release rates of nutrients from the lake bed were calculated by considering the effects of the concentration gradient across the water-sediment interface, pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, and flow conditions. Model algorithms describing the adsorption and desorption of nutrients from sediment particles as well as their release from bed sediment were tested using laboratory experimental data. Model simulation results show that there are strong interactions between sediment-related processes and nutrient concentrations.
Description: Paper presented at The Seventh International Conference on HydroScience and Engineering (ICHE) hosted by the College of Engineering at Drexel Univeristy on September 10-13, 2006 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The conference theme was IT in the Field of HydroSciences. It included several mini-symposia that emphasized IT topics in HydroSciences and the yearly meeting of the metadata group of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange organization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1466
ISBN: 0977447405
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on HydroScience and Engineering (ICHE 2006) [ISBN: 0977447405]

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