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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1632

Title: Optical band splitting and electronic perturbations of the heme chromophore in cytochrome c at room temperature probed by visible electronic circular dichroism spectroscopy
Authors: Dragomir, Isabelle
Hagarman, Andrew
Wallace, Carmichael
Schweitzer-Stenner, Reinhard
Issue Date: Feb-2007
Publisher: Biophysical Society
Citation: Biophysical Journal, 92(3): pp. 989-998.
Abstract: We have measured the electronic circular dichroism (ECD) of the ferri- and ferro-states of several natural cytochrome c derivatives (horse heart, chicken, bovine, and yeast) and the Y67F mutant of yeast in the region between 300 and 750 nm. Thus, we recorded the ECD of the B- and Q-band region as well as the charge-transfer band at ;695 nm. The B-band region of the ferri-state displays a nearly symmetric couplet at the B0-position that overlaps with a couplet 790 cm1 higher in energy, which we assigned to a vibronic side-band transition. For the ferro-state, the couplet is greatly reduced, but still detectable. The B-band region is dominated by a positive Cotton effect at energies lower than B0 that is attributed to a magnetically allowed iron/heme charge-transfer transition as earlier observed for nitrosyl myoglobin and hemoglobin. The Q-band region of the ferri-state is poorly resolved, but displays a pronounced positive signal at higher wavenumbers. This must result from a magnetically allowed transition, possibly from the methionine ligand to the dxy-hole of Fe31. For the ferro-state, the spectra resolve the vibronic structure of the Qv-band. A more detailed spectral analysis reveals that the positively biased spectrum can be understood as a superposition of asymmetric couplets of split Q0 and Qv-states. Substantial qualitative and quantitative differences between the respective B-state and Q-state ECD spectra of yeast and horse heart cytochrome c can clearly be attributed to the reduced band splitting in the former, which results from a less heterogeneous internal electric field. Finally, we investigated the charge-transfer band at 695 nm in the ferri-state spectrum and found that it is composed of at least three bands, which are assignable to different taxonomic substates. The respective subbands differ somewhat with respect to their Kuhn anisotropy ratio and their intensity ratios are different for horse and yeast cytochrome c. Our data therefore suggests different substate populations for these proteins, which is most likely assignable to a structural heterogeneity of the distal Fe-M80 coordination of the heme chromophore.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1529/biophysj.106.095976
Appears in Collections:Faculty Research and Publications (Chemistry)

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