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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1863

Title: Blind identification of possibly under-determined convolutive MIMO systems
Authors: Yu, Yuanning
Keywords: Electric engineering;MIMO systems;Wireless communication systems
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2007
Abstract: Blind identi¯cation of a Linear Time Invariant (LTI) Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) system is of great importance in many applications, such as speech processing, multi-access communication, multi-sensor sonar/radar systems, and biomedical applications. The objective of blind identi¯cation for a MIMO system is to identify an unknown system, driven by Ni unobservable inputs, based on the No system outputs. We ¯rst present a novel blind approach for the identi¯cation of a over-determined (No ¸ Ni) MIMO system driven by white, mutually independent unobservable inputs. Samples of the system frequency response are obtained based on Parallel Factorization (PARAFAC) of three- or four-way tensors constructed respectively based on third- or fourth-order cross-spectra of the system outputs. We show that the information available in the higher-order spectra allows for the system response to be identi¯ed up to a constant scaling and permutation ambiguities and a linear phase ambiguity. Important features of the proposed approaches are that they do not require channel length information, need no phase unwrapping, and unlike the majority of existing methods, need no pre-whitening of the system outputs. While several methods have been proposed to blindly identify over-determined convolutive MIMO systems, very scarce results exist for under-determined (No < Ni) case, all of which refer to systems that either have some special structure, or special No, Ni values. We propose a novel approach for blind identi¯cation of under-determined convolutive MIMO systems of general dimensions. As long as min(No;Ni) ¸ 2, we can always ¯nd the appropriate order of statistics that guarantees identi¯ability of the system response within trivial ambiguities. We provide the description of the class of identi¯able MIMO systems for a certain order of statistics K, and an algorithm to reach the solution. Finally we propose a novel approach for blind identi¯cation and symbol recovery of a distributed antenna system with multiple carrier-frequency o®sets (CFO), arising due to mismatch between the oscillators of transmitters and receivers. The received base-band signal is over-sampled, and its polyphase components are used to formulate a virtual MIMO problem. By applying blind MIMO system estimation techniques, the system response is estimated and used to subsequently decouple the users and transform the multiple CFOs estimation problem into a set of independent single CFO estimation problems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/1863
Appears in Collections:Drexel Theses and Dissertations

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