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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/2656

Title: Music and salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) : a critical review of the research literature.
Authors: Lu, Tzu-Ching
Keywords: Music Therapy
Issue Date: Aug-2003
Abstract: This study categorized and synthesized the literature that investigated the relationship between salivary immunoglobulin (sIgA) and music and/ or music therapy. In the immune system, sIgA exists in all mucosal linings of the body and serves as a first line of defense against microbial infection (Undersown & Schiff, 1986). Several studies have assayed sIgA as an index of mucosal immune functioning, as a marker of stress and has repeatedly been shown to be sensitive to psychological variables (Hucklebridge, Lambert, Clow, Warburton, Evans, & Sherwood, 2000). The objectives were to categorize the literature on sIgA and music along several dimensions - including a critical analysis of the literature - and to develop suggestions for further research. The study used a content analysis approach to organize and categorize the large amount of data produced through a review of the literature pertaining to the effect of music on sIgA. The results indicated that there is a positive relationship between music and sIgA. The research studies used music listening in medical treatment or combined with other treatments. Overall, music listening appeared to have positive effects on sIgA, mood change, and autonomic activities. In addition, when music listening was combined with imagery, self-induced positive emotional state, and local anesthesia or nitrous oxide/oxygen used, the outcomes showed greater effects than music listening only. Due to the small sample number, it was difficult to form a theory and make a connection with each field that investigated music and slgA; however, the results provided interesting ideas for future research. Music therapy researchers need to collaborate with PNI researchers to find ways which will best direct their efforts.
Description: viii, 113 leaves : ill.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/2656
Appears in Collections:Health Sciences Theses and Dissertations

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