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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/2707

Title: The effect of the affect modification style of music improvisational therapy.
Authors: Kato, Kaori
Keywords: Music Therapy
Issue Date: May-2002
Abstract: The present study investigated the efficacy of the Affect Modification Style of Music Improvisational Therapy in modifying 29 graduate students' affective states. This particular improvisational technique is an integration of Altshuler's (1948) affect alternation technique and Stephens' (1983) Adult Improvisational Music Therapy. In this study, the participant's affective states were modified towards a desirable direction through the gradual change in musical elements produced by the manipulation of the 22 improvisational techniques. The specific musical elements (e.g., moderately fast tempo, major key) manipulated through the 22 improvisational techniques were found to evoke positive affective states (e.g., feeling happy) from research findings. The participants of this study were 29 graduate students in Creative Arts in Therapy program at MCP Hahnemann University, who had no apparent hearing impairment. The researcher administered the Profile of Mood States (POMS) (MacNair, Lorr, & Droppleman, 1981) and the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) before and after the administration of the Affect Modification Style of Music Improvisational Therapy. The results of this study seemed to support the hypotheses of the present study. As predicted in hypothesis 1, the participation in this particular improvisational style appeared to have led to an increase in scores representing positive affect on both the POMS and MAACL. Hypothesis 2 also seemed to be supported by the results of this study. Statistically significant reductions (p < .05) in levels of anxiety, depression, hostility, fatigue, and confusion were observed from the scores between pre and posttesting. Findings of this study suggested that the Affect Modification Style of Music Improvisational Therapy might have potential as a treatment technique to improve depressive affective states and other symptomatic mood disturbances.
Description: viii, 163 leaves : ill. ;
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/2707
Appears in Collections:Health Sciences Theses and Dissertations

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