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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/285

Title: Cyclic behavior, development, and characteristics of a ductile hybrid fiber reinforced polymer (DHFRP) for reinforced concrete members
Authors: Hampton, Francis Patrick
Keywords: Materials engineering;Fiber reinforced plastics;Reinforced concrete, Fiber
Issue Date: 24-May-2004
Abstract: Reinforced concrete (R/C) structures especially pavements and bridge decks that constitute vital elements of the infrastructure of all industrialized societies are deteriorating prematurely. Structural repair and upgrading of these structural elements have become a more economical option for constructed facilities especially in the United States and Canada. One method of retrofitting concrete structures is the use of advanced materials. Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials typically are in the form of fabric sheets or reinforcing bars. While the strength and stiffness of the FRP is high, composites are inherently brittle, with limited or no ductility. Conventional FRP systems cannot currently meet ductility demand, and therefore, may fail in a catastrophic failure mode. The primary goal of this research was to develop an improved prototype 10-mm diameter DHFRP bar. The behavior of the bar under full load reversals to failure was investigated. However, this bar first needed to be designed and manufactured in the Fibrous Materials Research at Drexel University. Material properties were determined through testing to categorize the strength properties of the DHFRP. Similitude was used to demonstrate the scaling of properties from the original model bars. The four most important properties of the DHFRP bars are sufficient strength and stiffness, significant ductility for plasticity to develop in the R/C section, and sufficient bond strength for the R/C section to develop its full strength. Once these properties were determined the behavior of reinforced concrete members was investigated. This included the testing of prototype-size beams under monotonic loading and model and prototype beam-columns under reverse cyclic loading. These tests confirmed the large ductility exhibited by the DHFRP. Also the energy absorption capacity of the bar was demonstrated by the hysteretic behavior of the beamcolumns. Displacement ductility factors in the range of 3-6 were achieved for all concrete elements tested. To study the long-term behavior of DHFRP, the creep-rupture strength of 5-mm bars was tested. This was conducted first on individual bar specimens and is important in the life-cycle design and performance of DHFRP reinforced concrete.
URI: http://dspace.library.drexel.edu/handle/1860/285
Appears in Collections:Drexel Theses and Dissertations

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