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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3251

Title: Large-scale integration of microarray data: investigating the pathologies of cancer and infectious diseases
Authors: Dawany, Noor
Keywords: Biomedical Engineering;DNA microarrays;Genomics -- Mathematical models
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2010
Abstract: DNA microarray data provide a high-throughput technique for the genome-wide profiling of genes at the transcript level. With large amounts of microarray data deposited on various types and aspects of malignancies, microarray technology has revolutionized the study of cancer. Such experiments aid in the discovery of novel biomarkers and provide insight into disease diagnosis, prognosis and response to treatment. Nonetheless, microarray data contains non-biological obscuring variations and systemic biases, which can distort the extraction of true aberrations in gene expression. Moreover, the number of samples generated by a single experiment is typically less than is statistically required to support the large number of genes studied. As a result, biomarker gene lists produced from independent datasets show little overlap. Therefore, to understand the pathophysiology of cancers and the influence they exert on the cellular processes they override, methods for combining data from different sources are necessary. Meta-analysis techniques have been utilized to address this issue by conducting an individual statistical analysis on each of the acquired datasets, then incorporating the results to generate a final gene list based on aggregated p-values or ranks. However, much of the publicly accessible cancer microarray datasets are unbalanced or asymmetric and therefore lack data from healthy samples. Consequently, critical and considerable amounts of data are overlooked. An integrative approach that combines data prior to analysis can incorporate asymmetric data. For this reason, a merge approach to the previously validated technique, the significance analysis of microarrays, is proposed. The merged SAM technique reproduced the known-cancer literature with higher coverage than meta-analysis in the five independent cancer tissues considered. The same methodology was extended to a database of approximately 6000 healthy and cancer samples arising from thirteen tissues. The integrative approach has allowed for the identification of key genes common to the invasive paths of multiple cancers and can aid in drug discovery. Moreover, this integrative microarray approach was applied to viral data from HIV-1, hepatitis C and influenza to investigate the effect of these infections on iron-binding proteins. Iron is crucial for proteins involved in metabolism, DNA synthesis and immunity, accentuating such proteins as direct or indirect viral targets.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1860/3251
Appears in Collections:Drexel Theses and Dissertations

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